Research Findings

On this page:

  • Introduction
  • Filling the Research Gap
  • My Goals
  • Contextual Evidence

    Introduction

    • Rape will never be completely eradicated.
    • However, research has found some variables that are at the root of the issue:
    • Masculine gender roles
    • Socialization to adulthood
    • Male sexual aggression
    • Cultural rape myths
    • These are cultural norms that can be challenged.
    • Their sociological elements suggest an ideological framework from which sociologists, psychologists, educators, communication experts, and others can develop and test prevention strategies.
    • More research needs to be conducted to identify strategies or thought processes likely to prevent a rape, such as:
      • Stopping a rape when it seems inevitable.
      • Identifying and disseminating information about patterns of behavior that may serve as a warning to potential victims.
      • Clearly establishing what constitutes consent to sexual activity.

       

    Filling the Research Gap

    • I conducted a doctoral dissertation that offers an empirical study of date rape, focusing on verbal and nonverbal communication patterns that are factors in the date rape event.
    • The study placed emphasis on miscommunications and misperceptions that can be analyzed empirically rather than through generalization.
    • I conducted in-depth personal interviews with 18 date rapists and subsequent focus group discussions to verify findings.

     

    My Goals

    • I was committed to analyzing date rape primarily from an interactive communication perspective.  I intended to make only brief references to psychological and sociocultural variables.
    • This study was built on grounded theory, which required me to utilize an inductive and inclusive approach to categorizing, analyzing, and reporting findings.
    • In reviewing interview transcripts, I discovered that psychological and social contextual considerations were highly evident and pervasive throughout data related to the perpetrators' perspectives toward life, human interactions, women, and themselves.
    • As I told my dissertation committee when I was defending my work: the crux of the social problem of date rape is rooted in the sex offenders' personality and socialization.

     

    • The good news is the prevention method: communication.

     

     

    Contextual Evidence

    I found several different types of evidence about perpetrators' and victims' behaviors in a sexual assault situation.  Click on a button to learn more.

    Psychological Context

    Personality  Intent  Positive Expectation  Negative Expectation

    Sociological Context

    Masculinity  Control Social Exchange Mentality  Peer Group Pressure

    Situational Context

    Location  Alcohol

    Sequential Context

    Perpetrators' Verbal Sexual Initiatives

    Perpetrators' Nonverbal Sexual Initiatives

    Intimidation

    Victims' Nonverbal Sexual Initiatives

    Miscommunications

    Misperceptions

    Forced Consent

    Rejection

    Direct Verbal Rejection  Indirect Verbal Rejection  Nonverbal Rejection

     

     

    Back to Top